The Dead Sea Scrolls are one of fascinating historical discoveries of the twentieth century.
A Bedouin boy was trying to find a lost goat and wandered into one of the caves near the shore of the Dead Sea. He threw a stone trying to get the goat run out of the cave but then he heard the sound of breaking clay and found the scrolls.
The scrolls later ended in the hands of Hebrew University Professor Eleazar L. Sukenik. Some of them found their way to the Syrian Orthodox Church and were later purchased by representatives of the state of Israel.
After the archaeologists learned about where exactly the boy found the original clay jars, they organized many more expeditions and thoroughly searched all the caves that they found in the area.
This led to many more discoveries. Altogether, the archeologists found more than eight hundred manuscripts and thousands of fragments and pieces of various writings.
Many of the scrolls today are now in Israel. Some of the smaller pieces belong to various museum collections all over the world.
The Dead Sea Scrolls contained writings from the Bible and from Jewish religious writings, some of which were discovered for the first time.
Scientists believe that the community that created the writings treated both Jewish and Christian writings with equal respect. They also believe that the community has composed some of the writings, which is why ancient Jewish writers did not refer to the material elsewhere.
Dead Sea Scrolls contain portions of every book that’s a part of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible. The real significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls is that they were written in Hebrew and Aramaic, which makes them older than any other versions of the Hebrew Bible. One of the reasons for this is the Hebrew tradition of destroying of scrolls that are not in a good condition.