Literally tens of books written before the time of Jesus authored by various Jewish writers were not included in the collection of writings that became known as the Bible. Some of these books were later lost and some were not lost. For example, most people have heard about the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but what most people don’t realize is that the Dead Sea Scrolls didn’t just contain the versions of already-known books. Researchers that studied the Dead Sea Scrolls have also found some very unusual writings by unusual pre-Christian religious Jew who lived not too far from the Dead Sea.
Many people who read the Bible today aren’t even aware that there were a lot of Jewish writings that were not included in the Hebrew or Old Testament Bible. There have even been a lot of early Christian writings that did not make it to the modern version of Christian New Testament.
Many of these writings are available in English today. Collections of such writings are available and scholars mostly study them because of their historic value even though many of the Christian Churches don’t read them or don’t recognize them as holy. For example, there are writings that many early Christians wanted to be included in the New Testament. Many other pieces by various writers later became the foundation of what today is known as Orthodox Christianity.
The first centuries of Christian religion included a lot of debates, arguments, and writings about the debates and the arguments. Sometimes historians only know about these writings and their scope because of other writings mentioning them and explaining in detail how and why they were wrong.
Some of the writings that were considered once to be lost have been found over the centuries. One of such writings is Book of 1 Enoch, which had references to it in Jude 1:14-15.
The book was found by Scottish traveler James Bruce in the late 18th century.